Cloning of the mink plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 messenger RNA: an mRNA with a short half life


Publication Type:

Journal Article


Gene, Volume 162, Number 2, p.303-8 (1995)


0378-1119 (Print)<br/>0378-1119 (Linking)

Accession Number:



Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Base Sequence, Cell Line, Cloning, Molecular, Cycloheximide/pharmacology, Dactinomycin/pharmacology, Deoxyadenosines/pharmacology, Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/drug effects, Lung/enzymology, Mink/*genetics, Molecular Sequence Data, Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1/*genetics, Protein Synthesis Inhibitors/pharmacology, RNA, Messenger/genetics/metabolism, Sequence Alignment, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate/pharmacology, Transforming Growth Factor beta/pharmacology


<p>In mink lung CCL64 epithelial cells the rate of synthesis of plasminogen activator inhibitor type I (PAI-1) increases 10-100-fold within 3 h in response to 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (PMA). The PAI-1 gene is regulated transcriptionally. Parallel studies of the time-courses of PAI-1 synthesis and secretion and of mRNA accumulation indicate that the amount of secreted PAI-1 produced by the cells is tightly coupled to the level of its transcript. The half-life of the PAI-1 mRNA was found to be 25 min which is much shorter than previously reported for PAI-1 in other cells. Actinomycin D, which is commonly used to determine mRNA half-life, stabilized the PAI-1 mRNA. Cycloheximide also stabilized the mRNA. The short half-life and the superinducibility of PAI mRNA are properties shared with rapidly degraded mRNAs encoding protooncoproteins. A 2.97-kb cDNA clone containing the entire coding sequence of PAI-1 was isolated from a cDNA library made from mink lung CCL64 epithelial cells stimulated with PMA. The PAI-1 cDNA contains a long 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of 1720 bp whose sequence is highly conserved among PAI-1 mRNAs from different species. The PAI-1 mRNA also contains several AUUUA pentamer sequences which are the features of an A+U-rich regulatory element such as is found on the fos protooncogene mRNA. Upstream of one of these AUUUA pentamers are several highly conserved sequences that are also found in the 3' UTR of the fos and integrin receptor alpha-subunit mRNAs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)</p>


Chuang, T H<br/>Hamilton, R T<br/>Nilsen-Hamilton, M<br/>NETHERLANDS<br/>Gene. 1995 Sep 11;162(2):303-8.