Label free thrombin detection in presence of high concentration of albumin using an aptamer-functionalized nanoporous membrane

Biblio

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Biosens Bioelectron., Volume 126, p.88-95 (2019)

Abstract:

<p>Nanoporous alumina membranes have become a ubiquitous biosensing platform for a variety of applications and aptamers are being increasingly utilized as recognition elements in protein sensing devices. Combining the advantages of the two, we report label-free sensitive detection of human α-thrombin by an aptamer-functionalized nanoporous alumina membrane using a four-electrode electrochemical cell. The sensor response to α-thrombin was determined in the presence of a high concentration (500 μM) of human serum albumin (HSA) as an interfering protein in the background. The sensor sensitivity was also characterized against γ-thrombin, which is a modified α-thrombin lacking the aptamer binding epitope. The detection limit, within an appreciable signal/noise ratio, was 10 pM of α-thrombin in presence of 500 μM HSA. The proposed scheme involves the use of minimum reagents/sample preparation steps, has appreciable response in presence of high concentrations of interfering molecules and is readily amenable to miniaturization by association with existing-chip based electrical systems for application in point-of-care diagnostic devices.</p>