Mrp3, a mitogen-regulated protein/proliferin gene expressed in wound healing and in hair follicles


Publication Type:

Journal Article


Endocrinology, Volume 142, Number 5, p.2129-37 (2001)


0013-7227 (Print)<br/>0013-7227 (Linking)

Accession Number:



*Wound Healing, Animals, Cells, Cultured, Enhancer Elements, Genetic, Gene Expression Regulation, Glycoproteins/*genetics, Hair Follicle/*metabolism, Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Keratinocytes/metabolism, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Morphogenesis, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 4, Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor/genetics, Transgenes


<p>During cutaneous wound healing, a marked increase in the local expression of growth factors results in increased migration and proliferation of the cells responsible for tissue repair. The mitogen-regulated protein (MRP)/proliferin proteins are growth factors and angiogenesis factors. Here it is demonstrated that Mrp3 is induced in wound edge keratinocytes during cutaneous wound healing and also temporally appears in the outer root sheath of the hair follicle during the late anagen phase of the hair cycle. In cultured keratinocytes, Mrp3 is induced by keratinocyte growth factor, but not by epidermal growth factor or by transforming growth factor type alpha. Transgenic mice, expressing lacZ under the combined control of the cytomegalovirus immediate early enhancer and the Mrp3 flanking sequences, demonstrate wound- and hair cycle-induced transgene expression. These results show that elements within the flanking regulatory sequences of the Mrp3 gene are involved in the activation of Mrp3 in response to these events. The results reported here suggest that MRP3 may participate in wound healing and hair follicle cycle as a growth factor and/or angiogenesis factor.</p>


Fassett, J T<br/>Nilsen-Hamilton, M<br/>HD-29087/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/<br/>Endocrinology. 2001 May;142(5):2129-37.