Relation between the regulation of DNA synthesis and the production of two secreted glycoproteins by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate in 3T3 cells and in phorbol ester nonresponsive 3T3 variants


Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of cellular physiology, Volume 129, Number 2, p.151-8 (1986)


0021-9541 (Print)<br/>0021-9541 (Linking)

Accession Number:



*DNA Replication, Animals, Carcinogens/pharmacology, Cathepsin L, Cathepsins, Cysteine Endopeptidases, Drug Resistance, Endopeptidases/*biosynthesis/secretion, Fibroblast Growth Factors/pharmacology, Fibroblasts/drug effects/metabolism, Glycoproteins/*biosynthesis/*secretion, Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins, Lyngbya Toxins/pharmacology, Methionine/metabolism, Mice, Molecular Weight, RNA, Messenger/metabolism, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate/*pharmacology


<p>12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), a potent tumor promoter, acts similarly to growth factors by selectively increasing the rate of production of the secreted proteins, mitogen regulated protein (MRP) and major excreted protein (MEP) by murine 3T3 cells. MRP, a 34 kilodalton (kDa) glycoprotein, is a member of the prolactin-growth hormone family of proteins. MEP, a 39 kDa glycoprotein, is a lysosomal thiol protease that is also secreted. The aim of our investigation was to determine the relation between increases in MRP and MEP production and the initiation of DNA synthesis in response to mitogens. The TNR-9 cell line is a variant of 3T3 cells in which growth factors, but not TPA and teleocidin, stimulate DNA synthesis and cell division. Using [35S]methionine to metabolically label proteins and SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to resolve the proteins, we found that growing cultures of 3T3 and TNR-9 cells responded equally well to TPA and teleocidin with increased rates of production of MRP and MEP. By contrast, the responses of quiescent TNR-9 cells to these tumor promoters in the increased production of MRP and MEP was greatly diminished compared with quiescent 3T3 cells. The changes in production of MRP in response to tumor promoters in quiescent and growing cells paralleled similar changes in the level of MRP mRNA. In summary, the ability to TPA and teleocidin to increase the rate of production of MRP and MEP correlated with the ability of these tumor promoters to stimulate DNA synthesis in quiescent 3T3 and TNR-9 cells. Evidently the biochemical condition that distinguishes TNR-9 from 3T3 cells and that limits the ability of tumor promoters to stimulate the production of MEP and MRP, and perhaps also DNA synthesis in TNR-9 cells occurs only when the cells are quiescent.</p>


Fienup, V K<br/>Jeng, M H<br/>Hamilton, R T<br/>Nilsen-Hamilton, M<br/>CA39256/CA/NCI NIH HHS/<br/>J Cell Physiol. 1986 Nov;129(2):151-8.